The research area Forms aims at systematically consolidating fragmented findings on the historical and contemporary change of political violence.
On the one hand, it explores the question of how political violence has changed, using the example of (internationalized) civil wars. On the other hand, it examines the role of global trends such as technological or environmental change.
Various empirical studies on phenomena of political violence suggest different and partly contradictory developments of political violence. The researchers of this working package therefore firstly deal with a comprehensive consolidation of existing scientific knowledge on the causes and consequences of domestic violent conflicts in a meta-analysis. Additionally, using replication studies they examine whether and how causal effects in research on political violence are influenced by the decisions of individual researchers. Lastly, qualitative case studies on internationalized intra-state conflicts in the MENA region (specifically Iraq, Yemen, Libya and Syria) will be conducted in order to generate and fine-tune hypotheses. The working package is coordinated by the Goethe University Frankfurt and PRIF.
Building on research connecting practices of political violence and new information and communication technologies (ICTs), researchers of this work package examine at the micro level, how new forms of violence emerge in the context of technological change. The first focus, therefore, is on the increased use of technologies by relevant actors as a possible cause of new forms of political violence. Secondly, the influence of ICTs on the emergence of new forms of violence in the context of environmental protests in Central America, South Asia and Europe is explored. Finally, the researchers look at the extent to which the increased consumption of energy and resources, particularly through the use of critical technology materials, leads to geopolitical tensions and new forms of political violence. The work package is coordinated by the TU Darmstadt.